Hyperpigmentation, Melasma, and Age spots – All you need to know.

Did you know that hyperpigmentation affects approximately 90% of the population at some point in their lives? For some, it’ll appear only later in life as age spots but for some, it’ll be full-on melasma that will linger on from their 20s right into menopause or later. This common skin condition, characterized by patches of darker skin on the face, can have a significant impact on one’s appearance and self-confidence. Whether it’s dark spots caused by sun exposure that can cause hyperpigmentation and sun damage, leading to darker patches of skin or sun spots. or hormonal changes, many women are on the quest to find the right treatment for hyperpigmentation. This mission is not easy, it wasn’t easy for me, but I do think I found the ideal solution.

img-2

Key Takeaways:

  • Hyperpigmentation affects 90% of the population at some point in their lives.
  • sun exposure amplifies hyperpigmentation by making it darker and causes sun damage, leading to darker patches of skin or sun spots.
  • It can be caused by various factors such as sun exposure, hormonal changes, age, medicines, and acne, which can cause hyperpigmentation or leave darker patches of skin post-inflammatory.
  • Treatment options for hyperpigmentation range from over-the-counter solutions to laser treatments.
  • Many treatments are based on the peeling idea to reduce skin pigmentation issues. It’s problematic because the melanin is produced deeper in the skin and will show up next summer, at the latest.
  • Beauty Fields NZ Natural Soap and Cream offers a gentle and cost-effective approach to managing hyperpigmentation. I know I’m biased, I make these products. I just had to because nothing else worked! I’ll be blunt and honest in this article because I know too many women who struggle for years with hyperpigmentation, waste money but mainly time on treatments that are not effective or even cause damage and more pigmentation in the long run.

Understanding Types of Hyperpigmentation 

Hyperpigmentation can manifest in different types, including melasma, age spots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by patchy or blotchy darkening of the skin, often appearing right on the face. Age spots, also known as liver spots, are flat, dark marks that typically develop after the age of 40. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation refers to spots or patches of darkened skin that develop after skin trauma or inflammation, such as acne breakouts or wounds.

These types of hyperpigmentation are caused by an overproduction of melanin in response to various triggers. Melanin is the pigment responsible for skin color, and when its production becomes imbalanced, it can lead to skin discoloration and dark spots. Most clinics and Beauty therapists will tell you that diagnosing your types of hyperpigmentation is important in determining the appropriate treatment approach. I don’t think it’s an absolute must, as long as melanin is involved, my skin-lightening products with sun protection can do wonders.

Exploring Treatment Options for Pigmentation

Over-the-counter Solutions and Topical Treatments

Over-the-counter solutions and topical treatments are commonly used to treat hyperpigmentation. Topical creams containing ingredients such as hydroquinone, steroids, retinoids, Alpha-Hysroxy-Acid, and skin-lightening agents can help lighten dark spots and even out skin tone.

If you decide to use these products it’s important to use them as directed and read the package insert (Or Google it if the pharmacist did not give it to you)  to avoid any potential side effects. These topical treatments can be easily incorporated into a skincare routine and provide a convenient and relatively cheap option for managing hyperpigmentation.

Professional Treatments and Procedures

When they give up on over-the-counter solutions and topical therapies, many women will seek professional help. Usually performed by beauty therapists, nurses, or dermatologists, and offers more targeted and intensive approaches to treating hyperpigmentation.

Some common professional treatments for hyperpigmentation include:

Chemical Peels

This involves applying a chemical solution to the skin to exfoliate the outer layer and “peel” the hyperpigmentation. There are different types of chemical peels available, ranging from mild to deep peels. Mild peels can often be done at home with over-the-counter products, while deeper peels may require a visit to a dermatologist or aesthetician.
Some common ingredients used in chemical peels include alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) like glycolic acid and lactic acid, beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) like salicylic acid, trichloroacetic acid (TCA), and phenol.


Chemical peels can help improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation by promoting skin cell turnover. They can also help improve skin texture, tone, and overall complexion.


It is important to carefully follow the instructions provided with the chemical peel product and to perform a patch test before applying it to your entire face. I did it at a beauty therapist, I remember no patch test but I do remember myself screaming while the acid is on my face, which can cause skin trauma and hyperpigmentation. The beauty therapist was quick to wipe it off and I had a red swollen face and had to stay home for a week. This was scary!

Recovery time is 1-2 weeks, your skin will be red, swollen, and flaky for a few days and then will slowly heal – This inflammation can cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

It is a must to use sunscreen religiously after a chemical peel, as the skin will be more sensitive to sun exposure. I recommend anyone with hyperpigmentation or even anyone who cares for his skin to wear sunscreen but admit I only do it once or twice a day while the recommendation is every 2 hours. If you did chemical peel, every 2 hours, please!


If you go this way, consult with a dermatologist or skincare professional to determine the best type of chemical peel for your specific skin concerns and needs. 

Laser Therapy 

Also called laser resurfacing uses targeted beams of light to reduce pigmentation and promote collagen production to treat sun spots and hyperpigmentation.  This non-invasive treatment can be used for a variety of skin concerns, including hyperpigmentation, acne scars, and fine lines and wrinkles.

The laser energy penetrates the skin to target specific pigmented cells or stimulate collagen production, resulting in a more even skin tone and smoother texture.

Laser therapy is considered safer and more effective than deep peeling. It can be more targeted and not all over your face. This is good especially if your pigmentation is sporadic and not a widespread Melasma. Still, it does cause inflammation, is quite expensive and it’ll all come back in the summer so take into account an annual or Bi-annual treatment if you are lucky, and always remember to use SPF to prevent hyperpigmentation.

It is important to consult with a dermatologist or licensed aesthetician to determine the best treatment plan for your skin concerns, including hyperpigmentation and other skin disorders before any laser therapy. 

Ask him some hard questions because laser therapy often leads to hyperpigmentation or darker patches of skin eventually. And do read the little prints, if the clinic does not let you take the contract home before you sign. Run for your life!

img-3

Microdermabrasion 

A procedure that mechanically exfoliates the skin to improve texture and reduce hyperpigmentation.

 Microdermabrasion is often done using a handheld device that gently sands away the top layer of the skin, which can help stimulate collagen production and improve the overall appearance of the skin. It is commonly used to treat acne scars, age spots, fine lines, and uneven skin tone.

 
The procedure is typically done in a dermatologist’s office or medical spa and is considered safe for most skin types.

 It may cause some temporary redness and irritation, but these side effects usually subside within a few hours to a day. Multiple treatments are usually needed to see significant results, and it is important to follow post-treatment care instructions provided by the skin care professional which will typically include sunscreen and melanin inhibitors such as Arbutin.


Overall, microdermabrasion can be a great option for those looking to improve their skin’s texture and appearance without undergoing more invasive procedures. It is important to consult with a skincare professional to determine if microdermabrasion is right for you and to ensure that it is done safely and effectively. 

Tranexamic acid

Tranexamic acid is a drug first used for heavy menstrual bleeding but was found to benefit hyperpigmentation and melasma as well. It works by reducing melanin production in the skin and preventing the formation of new pigmentation.

This drug is quite new in the field of skin care and is still under research.


Tranexamic acid is typically applied topically as a cream or serum, but it can also be taken orally in pill form. As with any pill, it does have a myriad of risks, adverse effects, and contraindications so this would not be my first choice for treating pigmentation.


Some potential side effects of tranexamic acid include skin irritation, redness, and dryness. It is always important to do a patch test before using any new skincare product to ensure that you do not have an allergic reaction.


Overall, tranexamic acid is a promising treatment option for hyperpigmentation and can help improve the appearance of dark spots and uneven skin tone. Consult with a dermatologist to see if this treatment is right for you.

The Role of Natural Remedies in Managing Skin Discolouration

While many people prefer natural remedies for managing hyperpigmentation, it’s important to note that the effectiveness of these remedies is still not well-established. Natural remedies like aloe vera, licorice extract, rice flour, and green tea have been suggested to have skin-lightening effects, I tried them all and the truth must be said, they are not very effective. The only thing that worked for me is rice flour but it does give a kind of pale dead-like color. Worth a try! Might be different on different skin tones.

However, natural remedies are generally safe as long as not too acidic. I do not like the use of Lemon on your face but yogurt, soy milk, and of course good nutrition can make you look better even if it won’t make your skin spots disappear. I’m a fan!

Beauty Fields NZ Natural Soap and Cream: A Gentle Approach

סבון טבעי פיגמנטציה

One natural skincare brand that offers a gentle and cost-effective approach to managing hyperpigmentation is Beauty Fields NZ Natural Soap and Cream. Manufactured by me, Tsahallah Dror, these products are formulated using natural ingredients and are suitable for use all year round.

Beauty Fields NZ Natural Soap and Cream can help lighten dark spots and even out skin tone. And can be used as part of your skincare routine. Offering a gentle daily treatment rather than a vigorous one.

It’s not a peeling treatment. Based on calendula and parsley these products do the work. Parsley is rich in vitamin C and calendula has been used in skincare for centuries.

I admit, that it does have limited scientific evidence. I do have my experience and my customers’ experience. I’m not in the position to do an academic research.

Treatment OptionBenefitsConsiderations
Over-the-Counter Solutions and Topical Therapies– Convenient and cost-effective– Potential side effects 
– Limited effectiveness for severe cases
Professional Treatments and Procedures– More targeted and intensive approachRequires professional expertise  Multiple sessions may be needed for optimal results Potential side effects 
Natural Remedies– Potential natural alternative– Limited scientific evidence
Beauty Fields NZ Natural Soap and Cream– Gentle and affordable option– Limited scientific evidence

Before and After Pictures

Thoughts on photos taken before and after a treatment or procedure. It’s important to note that the timing of these images is crucial. The before picture is typically taken right before the procedure, while the after picture is usually taken a few weeks later once the skin has healed and improved. It’s rare to see an after picture taken months later when the results may have diminished or worsened due to skin damage and sun exposure.

The picture below is something random from the web. As far as I see it, in pigmentation, there is no after. A gentle, long-lasting treatment, will always win.

img-5

FAQ

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition characterized by dark spots on the skin caused by an excess production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color.

How does hyperpigmentation occur?

Hyperpigmentation occurs when certain skin cells called melanocytes produce more melanin, causing the skin to darken in specific areas known as areas of hyperpigmentation.

What are the common causes of hyperpigmentation?

The causes of hyperpigmentation can vary and include sun exposure, injury to the skin, acne, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and rarely, underlying conditions such as Addison’s disease. There is also hyperpigmentation from diabetes but this will typically not be on the face (acanthosis nigricans).

How is hyperpigmentation diagnosed?

Hyperpigmentation is typically self-diagnosed through a visual examination. Your diagnosis will be correct mostly but it’s good to go to a dermatologist to be sure.

What are the types of hyperpigmentation?

There are different types of hyperpigmentation, including melasma, age spots and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, each with distinct characteristics and causes.

How can hyperpigmentation be treated?

The treatment of hyperpigmentation may involve topical creams, laser treatments, and interventions to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation and lighten the skin in affected areas, usually the face. Beauty Fields Skin care is my number one option:)

Can hyperpigmentation be prevented?

Prevention strategies for hyperpigmentation include wearing SPF to prevent hyperpigmentation or sun damage, avoiding excessive sun exposure, not taking hormonal contraceptives, and not getting pregnant at the same time.  Avoiding certain medications, mainly antibiotics. Oh, and being born as a boy, can help:) And choosing your genetics. Some things are just out of your control, sorry!

Conclusion

In conclusion, hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that can be triggered by various factors, including sun exposure, hormonal changes, and skin inflammation. It’s a pain, not to say a nightmare for many women, and the treatment options for hyperpigmentation are plenty.

Over-the-counter solutions and topical therapies can be effective in lightening dark spots and improving skin tone. Ingredients such as hydroquinone, steroids, retinoids, and skin-lightening agents are commonly found in these creams. They do come with a list of cons as stated above.

Professional treatments and procedures such as Chemical peels, laser therapy, microdermabrasion, and Tranexamic acid are all aimed at reducing hyperpigmentation and improving skin texture. Those treatments are more effective but also more expensive and hold more long-term damage potential.

Natural remedies like aloe vera, licorice extract, and green tea have been suggested to have skin-lightening effects. This effect is not proven and very gentle if any but at least no harm is done by those remedies. Something we should be grateful for because in treating hyperpigmentation lots of damage can be done.

For a gentle and cost-effective approach to managing hyperpigmentation, Beauty Fields NZ Natural Soap and Cream could be a preferred option. These natural skincare products are designed to lighten dark spots and even out skin tone, providing a gentle solution for those seeking natural effective alternatives. 

In summary, hyperpigmentation can be effectively managed with the appropriate treatment approach but you are very likely to make lots of mistakes on the way to radiant skin. Many of my customers find me only after trying other things, wasting precious time and precious money. Don’t be like them, try Beauty Fields first!